With his approval ratings dropping in an election year, Johnson called a halt to bombing in much of North Vietnam though bombings continued in the south and promised to dedicate the rest of his term to seeking peace rather than reelection. Trade and diplomatic relations between Vietnam and the U.
On January 31,some 70, DRV forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap launched the Tet Offensive named for the lunar new yeara coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than cities and towns in South Vietnam. The human costs of the long conflict were harsh for all involved.
The war had pierced the myth of American invincibility and had bitterly divided the nation. Nixon ended draft calls inand instituted an all-volunteer army the following year. For other Americans, opposing the government was considered unpatriotic and treasonous.
The anti-war movement, which was particularly strong on college campuses, divided Americans bitterly. Many returning veterans faced negative reactions from both opponents of the war who viewed them as having killed innocent civilians and its supporters who saw them as having lost the waralong with physical damage including the effects of exposure to the toxic herbicide Agent Orangemillions of gallons of which had been dumped by U.
My Lai Massacre The next few years would bring even more carnage, including the horrifying revelation that U. When Did the Vietnam War End?
Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.
Heavy bombing by B aircraft or shelling made these zones uninhabitable, as refugees poured into camps in designated safe areas near Saigon and other cities. InVietnam was unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, though sporadic violence continued over the next 15 years, including conflicts with neighboring China and Cambodia.
In Octobersome 35, demonstrators staged a massive Vietnam War protest outside the Pentagon. The South Vietnamese government, on the other hand, fought to preserve a Vietnam more closely aligned with the West.
Despite the later inclusion of the South Vietnamese and the NLF, the dialogue soon reached an impasse, and after a bitter election season marred by violence, Republican Richard M.
Taken by surprise, U. Psychologically, the effects ran even deeper. According to a survey by the Veterans Administration, someof the 3 million troops who served in Vietnam suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and rates of divorce, suicide, alcoholism and drug addiction were markedly higher among veterans.
The two countries finally resumed formal diplomatic relations in Reports of the Tet Offensive stunned the U. After years of warfare, an estimated 2 million Vietnamese were killed, while 3 million were wounded and another 12 million became refugees.
Additionally, supported by aid from China and the Soviet Union, North Vietnam strengthened its air defenses. Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam.
The North Vietnamese continued to insist on complete and unconditional U.
As the first U. Visit Website Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital. In addition to this Vietnamization policy, Nixon continued public peace talks in Paris, adding higher-level secret talks conducted by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger beginning in the spring of Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and China poured weapons, supplies, and advisers into the North, which in turn provided support, political direction, and regular combat troops for the campaign in the South.
Under a broad free market policy put in place inthe economy began to improve, boosted by oil export revenues and an influx of foreign capital. Both sides wanted the same thing:Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border. The Vietnam War was a conflict in Southeast Asia between South Vietnam and North Vietnam in which North Vietnam wanted to reunite the two countries under its Communist government.
The U.S. supported the government of South Vietnam. This allowed Communists in North Vietnam to supply military arms to the government opposition group in South Vietnam. Vietcong (1) This was a South Vietnamese opposition group that carried out thousands of assassinations of South Vietnamese government officials.
The Korean war between North and South Korea begins, with help from the Soviet Union and China on one side, and the US and the United Nations on the other. July The Korean war ends when a ceasefire agreement is signed.
Indochina wars, 20th-century conflicts in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, with the principal involvement of France (–54) and later the United States (beginning in the s).
The wars are often called the French Indochina War and the Vietnam War (q.v.), or the First and Second Indochina wars. Oct 29, · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
The conflict was intensified by the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.Download