An examination of the issues related to genetic modified foods and food insecurity

The sugar produced from GM sugar beets is highly refined and contains no DNA or protein—it is just sucrose, the same as sugar produced from non-GM sugar beets Joana et al.

Click the link above to read the full, original article. This issue can be addressed by producing crops with higher vitamins or other nutrients content. The isolated genes together with switches are transferred to the cells of organisms for example crop plants to be genetically transferred.

It has been argued that there is little scientific evidence for the harmful effects of GM foods [ 49 ]. Although genetically engineered products were tried in different forms previously like high solid containing potato insynthetic growth hormone recombinant bovine somatotropin in cattle ingenetically engineered rennet to manufacture cheese in etc.

Benefits of GM foods may outweigh harms thus inspiring scientists to discover GM foods with new traits. The qPCR is used to detect specific GMO events by usage of specific primers for screening elements or event specific markers.

China was the first country to commercialize a transgenic crop in the early s with the introduction of virus resistant tobacco. In instances, the product is directly consumed as food, but in most of the cases, crops that have been genetically modified are sold as commodities, which are further processed into food ingredients.

Similarly, People of Scandinavian countries were found more reluctant to accept GM foods [ 15 ]. But, it has been claimed that probability of evolving such toxins and allergens are very rare [ 24 ].

Controlling for other factors, the adoption of GM cotton has significantly improved calorie consumption and dietary quality, resulting from increased family incomes.

Pest control varieties have been adopted in the U. In the process based legislations, which have been enforced in the European Union EU and Australia, GM foods are regulated on the basis of process of genetic transformation [ 56 ]. In contrast, people in Europe were found to be against the GM foods [ 101114 ].

Genetically modified foods: safety, risks and public concerns—a review

Some have questioned whether GM crops have been responsible for increased crop yields. The internationally acclaimed Precautionary Principle PP requires that action should be taken to prevent damage even if there are still scientific uncertainties about the cause of the harm.

Following are the steps to produce GM foods [6, 282930 ]. The increase in the supply of soybean in Argentina was slightly bigger than the increase in demand for soybean for meat production in China.

Many people consider that the production of genetically engineered products is unnatural and against the nature and general social ethics. While the basic understanding of the atom in the 19th century and early 20th century filled the knowledge gap for the Electronic Age, the discovery of DNA has the potential to lead to a biology-based revolution in the 21st century.

GM crops have also shown to substantially improve the day to day life of farmers. Codex alimentarius commission has published different guidelines and principles mentioned above in 4.

The amplification of soybean lectin gene by end-point polymerase chain reaction PCR was achieved in all the steps of extraction and refining processes.

But human societies are able to adapt, identify failures and learn from mistakes to develop improved solutions.

Studies and Articles

According to these guidelines and principles, the GM foods should be assessed before marketing for any hazard, nutritional or other safety concern with the nature and severity of the hazard if present. There may also be impacts on food quality and nutrient composition.

Attitudes of the people towards the GM foods were found to be varied in different parts of the world. Adoption of GM corn, rice and potatoes would have freed agricultural land for other activities and improved food security globally.

There exist the two paradoxes: Most of the foods we now consume are modified. This article will try to discuss the issues raised against GM foods and reality behind those issues.

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) - A Solution to Food Insecurity?

First of all desirable trait s which has health or economic benefits if transferred into a food crops is identified. A person in a less developed country most probably choose to eat GM food with approved safety and risk assessment rather than defeated by hunger, while case may be opposite in developed countries where choices exist.

Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security

Medical biotechnology has been embraced wholeheartedly for its achievements and potential. In addition, transgenic crops have better productivity due to disease and pest resistance.Almost in every area in the food production market is using genetic modification to produce foods that taste better, grow faster, resist disease and improve Genetically Modified Foods-Solution for Food Security 47 FAO.

(). The state of food insecurity in the world FAO. [3] Huang J, Rozell S, Pray C, Wang Q. Plant. The issues that are commonly addressed in the assessment of the safety of genetically modified crops are discussed, as well as the analogous issues that may arise for genetically modified animals.

Dec 19,  · Genetically modified foods: safety, risks and public concerns—a review Issues related to detection and traceability of GMOs is gaining interest worldwide due to the global diffusion and the related socio-economical implications.

policies and food labelling. Many people feel that genetic engineering is the inevitable wave of. The Environment Forum on GMOs is a public platform to encourage the debate on issues of food security and to exchange knowledge among citizens and experts to inform the policy making process.

The term “genetic modified organisms (GMO)” has become a controversial topic as its benefits for both food producers and consumers are companied by potential biomedical risks and environmental side effects. What are GM foods? A genetically modified (GM) food or genetically modified organism (GMO) results from the use of recombinant DNA biotechnological procedures that allow the genetic makeup of a food or organism to be altered in some way.

This importance of strict quality-control monitoring for all food. Genetically Modified Food /.

An examination of the issues related to genetic modified foods and food insecurity
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