A literary analysis of lysistrata and the peloponnesian war

Both the Athenians and Spartans were Greek, after all, and allies in the Greco-Persian Wars that ended only some twenty years before the Peloponnesian War began. Cite This Page Wilson, Joshua.

Using Peace as a map of Greece, the Spartan and Athenian leaders decide land rights that will end the war. Males often wore large artificial genitals on their costumes to heighten their masculinity. The Chorus of Men is first to appear on stage carrying wood and fire to the gates of the Akropolis. This lends at least a small amount of credit to the charges that Lysistrata made about the women losing men to war.

Arguably more important, Lysistrata and the women seize control of the Acropolis, and the treasury — controlling the funding for the war against Sparta — giving them real economic and political power. For instance, it incorporates a double Chorus which begins the play divided against itself - old men versus old women - but later unites to exemplify the major theme of the play, reconciliationthere is no conventional parabasis where the Chorus addresses the audience directly and it has an unusual agon or debate in that the protagonist, Lysistrata, does almost all the talking, both questions and answers, while the antagonist - the magistrate - merely asks the odd question or expresses indignation.

The war was driven by intense jealously on either side for supremacy in Greece and among the Dorian and Ionian races.

The next day, or perhaps some considerable time afterwards, the sex-strike devised at the beginning of the text, begins to take effect on the men. Kinesias tells Myrrhine that her child needs her, he needs her and he loves her and Myrrhine pretends to listen to his frustrated pleas.

Lysistrata comes out of the Akropolis with her naked handmaid, Peace. The Chorus of old women make overtures to the old men, and soon the two Choruses merge, singing and dancing in unison.

Lysistrata Literary Analysis

This offense would have been twofold, because in addition to breaking their ban on alcohol, they were using it as a substitute for an animal sacrifice in their oath ritual. Gender Roles Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Lysistrata, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.

Historical Athens, though, did not make such a happy ending for itself: The plot of Lysistrata is reasonably easy to summarise. A Chorus of bumbling old men arrives, intent on burning down the gate of the Acropolis if the women do not open up.

Interesting Literature

The Athenians had more financial resources than the Spartans. The Spartans determined that the Athenians had broken the truce and decided to war against Athens.

Plato lived a generation after Aristophanes. Lysistrata is a play that has endured for over 2, years, and will doubtless continue to be popular, because of the way it cleverly presents and analyses the differences between the two genders — differences which have endured as long as the play has.

As Kinesias promises to only think about a treaty of peace for Athens and Sparta, Myrrhine disappears into the Akropolis and leaves her husband in great pain.

This was part of a much greater system of rules set in place to keep women under control- in this case to curb extramarital affairs. Aristophanes lived in the time of Socrates and Thucydides and was a generation behind Sophocles and Euripides. Circa BC Where Written:This darkness is the long war that has been raging on between Athens and Sparta, and that has recently taken a turn for the worse (f Three-Act Plot Analysis Even though this is a play—and plays are supposed to have Acts, right?—all of the action in Lysistrata happens in one big chunk.

Lysistrata is the first female lead in a Western comedy, and this alone arguably makes Aristophanes’ play worthy of study and analysis. Lysistrata is the only one of Aristophanes’ plays to be named after one of its characters.

First performed in BC, the play is set during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, a war that. *Athens.

Lysistrata Analysis

Capital and city-state of the peninsula of Attica, a province of east central Greece. Firmly established as a cultural, political, and commercial center by b.c.e., Athens became an imperialistic empire and naval power.

In b.c.e. it began its war with Sparta, the powerful city-state of southern Greece’s Peloponnesian Peninsula. PDF downloads of all LitCharts literature guides, In-depth summary and analysis of every section of Lysistrata.

Visual theme-tracking, too. Lysistrata: Themes warmongering politicians like the demagogue Cleon, who zealously supported the Peloponnesian War effort (see The Knights), intellectual charlatanism.

The Corinthians then asked the Peloponnesian confederacy at Sparta for help.


The Spartans determined that the Athenians had broken the truce and decided to war against Athens. The truce between the two countries was openly broken in BCE, in the 15th year of the truce between Sparta and Athens. The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of War and Peace appears in each section of Lysistrata.

Click or tap on any chapter to read its Summary & Analysis. Click or tap on any chapter to read its Summary & Analysis.

A literary analysis of lysistrata and the peloponnesian war
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