This new rice allowed farmers to have two harvests in a single year, doubling the amount of rice they could grow. The invention of moveable type allowed for mass printings of documents and books.
Dramas, such as the famous Story of the Western Wing, flourished. The Southern Song paid a fee each year to the Jin in order to maintain the peace. Strains on the polity were intensified by a rapid incorporation of substantial new territories. There were eight small kingdoms in It depended on a combination of commercialization, urbanization, and industrialization that has led some authorities to compare this period in Chinese history with the development of early modern Europe six centuries later.
They disliked his pushing for reforms for the recruitment system, higher pay for minor local officials to discourage against corruption, and wider sponsorship programs to ensure that officials were drafted more on the basis of their intellect and character.
For several centuries the Chinese economy had grown spectacularly: However, in the Song moved against the Northern Hanlong under the protection of the Liao dynasty. But the eventual fall of the Song dynasty was neither sudden nor a collapse upon itself such as had ended several of its predecessors.
Even after the end of the conflict, maintaining standing army in the resource-poor northern regions placed a heavy burden on the economy. The idealist ChancellorFan Zhongyan —was the first to receive a heated political backlash when he attempted to institute the Qingli Reformswhich included measures such as improving the recruitment system of officials, increasing the salaries for minor officials, and establishing sponsorship programs to allow a wider range of people to be well educated and eligible for state service.
Poetry and literature were especially popular with the invention of moveable type and the availability of books to many people. Music drama flourished throughout the Song, and distinctly different styles evolved in the North and the South. Expanded Territory In the beginning of the Song era, the land under rule only covered the areas of the Yellow River and the Huai River.
In response, the Ly Dynasty sent an army of aboutsoldiers to Nanning and soundly defeated three Song armies. Song poets achieved their greatest distinction, however, in the new genre of the cisung poems of joy and despair.
A high value was put on education and many of the nobles were very well educated. His capital at Kaifeng was a city of beauty, abounding in palaces, temples, and tall pagodas when, inthe Juchen burned it.
The Song dynasty is particularly noted for the great artistic achievements that it encouraged and, in part, subsidized. The Juchen took over the North and established a dynasty with a Chinese name, the Jin. Inthe Northern Song launched a campaign into Xining and Haidong in modern Qinghai provinceoccupying territory that was controlled by the Tibetan Gusiluo regime since the 10th century.
It had able military officers such as Yue Fei and Han Shizhong.
Skilled ambassadors were sent on missions to court the Liao and maintain peace, such as the renowned horologistengineer, and state minister Su Song.
Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. However, the Republic of China could not be firmly established across China, with civil war ensuing for decades. He later changed his name to Zhao Guangyi and named himself Emperor Taizong.China history information about chronology and timeline of ancient China with list of Chinese dynasties period such as Qin, Han, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Song (Sung) Dynasty: Northern Song () and Southern Song () An era of significant economic and social changes: the monetization of the economy; growth in commerce and maritime trade; urban expansion and technological innovations.
Starting in and ending inthe Song Dynasty consisted of the Northern Song () and the Southern Song (). With a prosperous economy and radiant culture, this period was considered as another period of 'golden age' after the glorious Tang Dynasty ( - ).
The Northern Song. The Song dynasty therefore established China's first permanent navy inwith a headquarters at Dinghai. With a There was a total of military treatises written during the Song period, as listed by the history text of the Song Shi (compiled in ).
The Song Dynasty — Medieval China Dragon pavilion. The Song Dynasty (–) was a period of technological advances and prosperity, preceded by the fractured Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (–) and succeeded by the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty (–). China is one of the world's four ancient civilizations, and the written history of China dates back to the Shang Dynasty (c.
– BC), over 3, years ago. Pre BC China is charted mainly by legend and pre-historic evidence. The ancient China era was c. – BC. The imperial era.Download